Italian invention promises cheap cold fusion energy
A major innovation in the energy field that reverses to date data, while a significant investment to build an industrial level for this scientific discovery will be announced in the coming days, at least according to estimates, will rock the boat and cause international concern.
The reason for the Greek company Defkalion Green Technologies SA, which managed to transform an industrial product is a breakthrough and Italian scientists begin shortly from Xanthi mass production and worldwide available units can be installed in any home or workplace and produce heat and electricity at low cost.
Not only the company's executives, but the market and people who know the details of the case, claiming that, without exaggeration, may tilt the energy landscape in the world and make our country the leader of a new energy revolution, with all that it entails the Greek economy.
The starting point of the matter is the revolutionary invention of the hydrogen fusion reactor and Nickel (cold fusion in a controlled environment), made by two Italian scientists from the University of Bologna, Sergio Foccardi and the Andrea Rossi, which was officially launched on 14 January in Italy. Based on this discovery can be produced cheap energy, with very low, almost negligible compared with the current data because the reactor can produce more energy than it consumes in its operation. The rights to use and industrial use (not for military purposes) of the invention of the Italians for the whole world except the United States took the Greek-diversified company Defkalion. The company arranged, based on Greek scientists to translate technical scientific results and to create a device that after initial activation, produces heat without the need for further supply and without creating pollutants or harmful to human radiation. The thermal energy that can be used to produce hot water and space heating and a share of around 40%, be converted into electricity through a common converter (inverter).
The third stage is that which has already begun for the industrial production in our country on a massive scale of this device.
Production of low cost
Data on the costs of producing energy from the device is really impressive. The Greek professor at the University of Bologna and former Ambassador Christos Stremmenos, who was actively involved in research work and participate in the company Defkalion, calculates that the cost of electricity is less than 0.01 per kilowatt hour, overwhelming amount smaller compared with the average production cost of PPC which reaches 0.1 million. So the device will generate electricity cheaper by 90%, while it has already been obtained for heating hot water, domestic use, etc.. The annual cost for hydrogen and nickel, the "fuel", ie a device capacity of 20 kW is about 1,300 euros, when the value of the energy produced at current prices of more than 14,000 euros.
According to company officials, the cost to acquire the device will not exceed the 3000 to 3500 euros and around 500 - 900 euros is the cost of the converter to produce electrical energy. The excess electricity, as with domestic PV systems will be applied to the electrical system and is bought by DEI, providing income to the producer. The company will seek (a request will be submitted to RAE) to integrate this method of electricity production in the program of Renewable Energy and therefore enjoys a high rate of absorption of power.
The method, besides the household can apply for energy production in agriculture, livestock, crafts, businesses, public buildings and, under conditions in industry.
The use of scientific invention for the manufacture of this device, not a distant goal. Instead, it has already purchased an old factory in Xanthi, which, according to executives Defkalion will be ready next October to provide products to market. As stated by the company told the newspaper Investor's World "brought the issue to the public, Mr Simeon Tsalikoglou the productive capacity of the plant will be 300,000 units a year, which for the Greek and Balkan markets. The investment will reach 200 million. of which almost half relating to the payment of royalties. It is estimated that by 2012 will create 215 direct permanent jobs and about 2,500 people will work and then the sales network - support in Greece.
Especially to be noted that there will be a specialized center for Research and Development (25 jobs skilled research personnel) within the unit, which will support scientists and researchers involved in the process of "transformation" of scientific discovery in the Italian industrial product.
Moreover, ongoing construction of a major laboratory facility of this technology, power 1 MW, which will be used (and blatantly) to the needs of the plant Xanthi.
The continuity of the project envisages the creation of an even works on Greek soil, Volos, which produces larger-scale, 1 to 2 megawatts. Also setting up factories abroad and expanding foreign markets for retail sale.
Regarding the financing of investments, executives Defkalion claim to be secured by investment funds, and noted characteristics that, as the project takes shape, so multiply the bids for participation in the financing plan.
Benefits for the Greek economy
Beyond the implicit importance of establishing the plant in Xanthi and total investment this effort, at a time when the country is "looking to light" new productive activities, the challenge is, of course, if implemented according to the designs of those who set expected to have significant benefits for the Greek economy.
The total energy produced by these devices will result in savings worth hundreds of millions of euros, the time seems to epelafnei a new energy crisis when the country is bleeding precious funds to import fuel.
They may also develop broader development and economic links with the rest of the economy, tourism, agriculture, crafts, gained a competitive advantage in their production.
The exchange benefits the country would also be great as the exclusive use of the invention by a Greek company is expected to generate gains. Some believe that only the area expected to get the issue is likely to change for the positive climate and the general impressions of the country's investment environment.
It should not be omitted finally able to handle the large nickel deposits in the country.
The estimates appear to be those least enthusiastic supporters of the project refer to huge economic and geopolitical upheavals that can result, over time, after-market devices such energy green energy cost low causing no emissions or radiation. According to these estimates, the gradual replacement of conventional energy systems based on oil, natural gas, coal or nuclear power a new generation of energy products of this technology, along with the development of conventional renewables (wind, solar, geothermal), raises serious conditions overturn existing balances in the global energy scene.
The scientific basis of the unit
The cold fusion process that is based on scientific unit Hyperion, is a "hot" field of physics that has caused heated debates in recent years. This is a reaction occurs at room temperature, in which two smaller nuclei together to form a larger simultaneously releasing large amounts of energy. In the mid 80's Fleishmann and Pons claimed to have achieved cold fusion reaction, but their experiment could not be repeated. Since any theory and assumption that cold fusion was dismissed, thus creating a stream of scientific caution on the issue. Despite this skepticism a small portion of scientists continued to investigate the matter.
The latest subversive news came from Italy and those which have started setting up the unit Hyperion.
Two scientists, engineer Andrea Rossi and Prof. Sergio Focardi, University of Bologna, shown publicly on 14 January of this year's time, a cold fusion device capable of producing 12.400 Wh heat entering only 400 W power. The Italian scientists showed that a new production of green energy with common materials (nickel and hydrogen catalyst), with low cost and without emitting air pollutants or radioactive waste. The results already confirmed by independent third parties and readings are positive criticism from first physical size as the professor of the University of Uppsala Sven Kullander, president of the National Academy of Sciences Energy Committee, the Hanno Essén, professor at the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology, the Dr Edmud Storms, etc.
There are many who argue that the specific effect of Engineering and Natural Rossi Focardi creates the need to ... rewrite some chapters of physics.
Andrea Rossi on 14 January 2011 - power for 1 cent per kilowatt hour http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com/files/Levi,%20Bianchini%20and%20Villa%20Reports.pdf http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MacyMspecificso.pdf
Edmund Storms on the Rossi device: "There will be a stampede."
Dr. Storms: "They [Rossi and Focardi] found a way of amplifying the effect to a level that makes it attractive as an industrial source of energy and people in the cold fusion field have been working towards that, but they had not achieved that level of heat production, and so this was both a bit of a surprise and a bit shock, but a bit of a kick to get people moving a little more rapidly now. And it looks like the phenomenon will actually have an application."
James: "This is a major step then, would you not agree?"
Dr. Storms: "Oh yes, It's a major step. It doesn't change the reality, the reality had already been established, but it has moved the debate from the laboratory into an industrial environment, and it's put the phenomenon on the map now. People, skeptics can no longer ignore what's going on, it's such a high level, and apparently quite reproducible, that there's no doubt that it has the potential to really be a serious competitor for a primary energy."
James: "So we've arrived, so to speak."
Dr. Storms: "We've arrived. It's interesting we've arrived in a different car than we thought we were. Cold fusion started out using deuterium and palladium, and then Rossi found that it worked quite well in nickel and light hydrogen."
James: Regarding that, since I saw the 60 mins interview, and saw what the Israeli's did over there in their lab, what did … the Italians do that's different? Were they financed well? What made them be ahead of everybody else regarding this issue?"
Dr. Storms: "That question is a little difficult to answer. The contrast between the Israelis, Energetics, … they were using – just to give you a little bit of understanding – they were using heavy water, palladium in an electrolytic cell, and applying what they call Superwave that allows the palladium to get to a very high composition. They had worked with the Italians to create palladium that could achieve these high compositions. So they were getting success in a more conventional framework.
Rossi hit upon this somewhat by accident. He was using a nickel catalyst to explore ways of making a fuel by combining hydrogen and carbon monoxide and apparently, observed quite by accident, that his [apparatus] was making extra energy. So then he explored it from that point of view and, apparently, over a year or two, amplified the effect.
He's exploring the gas loading area of the field. This is also a region, a method used in the heavy water, or the heavy hydrogen, system. But in this case, it was light hydrogen, ordinary hydrogen and nickel and what happens is quite amazing.
You create the right conditions in the nickel, and he has a secret method for doing that, and all you do is add hydrogen to it and it makes huge amounts of energy based upon a nuclear reaction."
James: "Wow. Alright. I have a number of questions since you said secret. Are they going to be transparent with what they discovered? If I were them, I would tell everybody how they did it, or are they not doing that?"
Dr. Storms: "Well, you really need a patent, you need to protect your intellectual property. You want to be able to gain some economic benefit from the discovery. So far, they have not gotten a patent, and that's always been difficult in the cold fusion field because the patent examiners simply don't believe that it's real.
So, until they get a patent, they're not revealing how they do it. Now, they've been upfront about what they can do and what they promise to do, and so far, they've fulfilled these promises. Once they get their patent, then they promise to reveal how they go about doing this."
James asked Dr. Storms a question from an unnamed listener who apparently knew this interview would be happening. The question?
"Some said this is LENR, not cold fusion. What's the difference?"
Dr. Storms: "Well there is no difference. It's purely a matter of semantics. There is a phenomenon, and that phenomenon allows a nuclear reaction to be initiated in a chemical environment, and it's a very special chemical environment, it's one that we don't understand yet, we don't have total control over it, so that it's difficult to reproduce, although not impossible, it's been replicated hundreds of times, so it's real.
But it's a process whereby the Coulomb barrier is reduced in magnitude, in a solid, by some kind of … oh what would I call it … chemical mechanism. It's not chemistry, but it involves atoms and electrons, which of course apply to chemistry.
And so, what do you call it? Well it was called cold fusion by Steve Jones, and that stuck. And then later people said, you know, that's not very accurate because you get transmutations, and it may not be fusion directly, so let's make it describe a bigger area, so we'll call it low-energy nuclear reactions [LENR]. I like the chemically-assisted nuclear reactions [CANR] description myself, but nevertheless, it's all the same thing. It's hard to believe that nature has only one technique for doing something so extraordinary."
James: "As far as patents go for this subject matter, are you briefed on that all the time, are other scientists made aware of what's happening with that, or do you hear about it later?"
Dr. Storms: "Well it generally percolates into the cold fusion chat rooms fairly quickly. There was a patent that was made known by Windom-Larson most recently, but that was granted, oh I guess it was actually filed back in 2005.
Very few are granted, and most of the ones that have been granted, I might add, are absolutely useless as patents because not only don't they describe very well what is going on, but in the absence of any understanding, their descriptions are not implementable, you cannot take the patent and then do what the patent claims, which is what a patent absolutely requires. It has to describe how a person that skilled in the arts can go about replicating what the claims may be.
None of the patents do that, so technically, their not valid, and that 's a big problem, until somebody makes something that works, and then describes how they made it work and that's where Rossi comes in, because he in fact does have something that works and once he shows how it works, he will have a valid patent."
James then asked Dr. Storms what type of press did the Italians get on their demonstration.
Dr. Storms: "The Swedish newspapers, the Italian newspapers, the Greek newspapers, they showed an interest. The American newspapers showed none at all. It's been on a number of blogs and talked about in a number of chat rooms, but no, it hasn't reached a level of any serious importance to the American press."
James: "Why do you think that is now?"
Dr. Storms: "Mainly because, it is institutionally the belief that cold fusion is not real, or if it is real, it's so trivial, it'd make no difference to anybody. That's institutional. It's the myth that's in, we'll call it, the intellectual structure of the United States, and a number of other countries.
There a few countries where that's not true, and Italy is one of them. The government there believes that it's real, and they're doing everything they can to develop it. The government in China believes it's real an they're doing everything they can to develop it."
James: "So what is the problem? Regardless whether it was an American issue or an Italian issue, that should be all over the press here, and it's not. It absolutely amazes me that this needs to be happening right now, what I'm doing. The press should've had this totally covered.
Well, what's next for you? Are you going to be following what the Italians are doing, are you going to go to Italy and be working on it, and try to do what they've done and replicate it where you are?"
Dr. Storms: "Well, first of all, I haven't been invited. Rossi is determining who's going to watch this – he's promised a demonstration in Florida that's coming up in October. And there will be some people from the US government there watching, and hopefully they will be convinced that it's real and that will change the attitudes."
James: "So they still – after this entire time – can't wrap their head around it!"
Dr. Storms: This obviously is not a rational world, and we, on many levels, do not have a rational government. It is very simple once you realize that this irrationality is present.
Yes, people are trying to replicate what he did. But in the absence of this secret addition, it's all guesswork [refering to the secret ingredient Rossi is using as a catalyst]. And that's been pretty much true of all the work in the field. We do not have a good theory, we don't have a path to follow, and so people do a lot of random searches, and when somebody – I'll use the analogy prospecting for gold – when somebody finds a nugget, everybody runs to the spot where that guy found the nugget and everybody starts to dig there. Maybe some other nuggets will be found, maybe not.
That's what has made it easy for the skeptics to blow it off, and it's made it easy for the government to pretend that it doesn't exist."
James then asked why was the upcoming demo is being done in Florida.
Dr. Storms: That's where the factory is that Rossi owns. Rossi has business interests in the United States, he has a number of companies. He has a company in Florida and that's where the cells are being manufactured.
James: "So they've [Rossi and co.] already started the process then?"
Dr. Storms: "Oh, yeah. The [recent demonstration] in Bologna was a single cell unit and it put out 10Kilowatts and it's put out even more energy in other circumstances. He's going to build a hundred cell unit in Florida, he claims, to try to run a Megawatt. That's pretty difficult to ignore."
James: "What do you think they're going to be able to do of a practical use? What are they going to use it for initially?"
Dr. Storms: "Well, they're planning to use this as a source of energy in a factory in Greece, and they're making arrangements in Greece for this to be incorporated into an industrial application, an industrial factory.
It has to be done in industry at this level because we don't know if it's safe, we don't know it's characteristics, we just don't know enough about it to put it into individual homes. This is what he says, and it's quite rational. It has to be explored, its characteristics have to be understood in an industrial environment, so they're going to do that in Greece.
Of course, he's taking orders, and I'm sure there'll be people from all over the world, where regulations are not so quite severe, and minds are more open than they are here, and they'll buy units, and put them in their factories, and suddenly the cost of energy to those companies will go down significantly, and all of a sudden people will panic, and then there'll be a stampede to buy these things."
James: "The irony of the timing of all this now, seeing what's going on in the Middle East right now, everything's going up at the gas tank, people looking at other energy things, do you find this unusual, the timing of this? This could have happened five years ago, and right now, with the complete and total collapse of many economies around the world, suddenly these guys in Italy come up with something. Did that surprise you?"
Dr. Storms: "Well, life always surprises me. It always has these synergistic relationships happening all the time. No, it didn't surprise me. It's quite, what would I call it, simple justice. The system absolutely needs this, and suddenly it's available. I guess it took both happening at the same time to change minds.
You have to be desperate enough to want to believe that this is real, and then you have to have a device that puts so much energy out that you cannot ignore it, and you marry those two things together, and the skeptics are just blown away."
James: "If this is going to happen in Florida, obviously the press is going to catch wind of it, and if it is a private meeting for this demonstration, are you .. thinking that now all the big money people behind the scenes are going to get in on this deal and close it off, and compartmentalize it, and not give it to the public?"
Dr. Storms: "I don't think that's possible."
James: "… because I don't think you should have been cut out of it. I mean, you're one of the guys that stood tall before anybody!"
Dr. Storms: "Well I appreciate that, but I'm not being cut out of it, and in fact, I don't feel that I've been cut out of it.
I'm funded. We're working to try to understand the mechanism and so we're hoping to have a seat at the table when the final decisions are made. But Rossi is clearly in charge of his own discovery, and I wouldn't find that unusual."
James: "OK, well, listen, I'm glad that you're back, I'm glad that you've told us this, I'm glad that we've covered it here. I want to thank you very much Dr. Storms for always being there for for me and helping me out, and making this a public issue, so thank you very much, much appreciated. We'll be talking to you very soon. You may be surprised – we may hit Florida anyway!"
Dr. Storms: "Well James, I appreciate your efforts too, it's efforts like yours that make it possible for people to find out what's going on."
Introduction to quantum ring theory
by Wladimir Guglinski
Mechanical Engineer graduated in the Escola de Engenharia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais- UFMG, (Brazil), 1973 author of the book Quantum Ring Theory-Foundations for Cold Fusion, published in 2006
1. The principal aim of Quantum Ring Theory
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) started to work in March 2010. Most of the people believe that the main aim of the experiments made in the LHC is to confirm the superstring theory, the existence of the Higgs boson, and the Suppersymmetry (Susy).
But the principal aim of the LHC experiments is actually another one: the aim is to confirm the fundamental principles of Quantum Mechanics.
Because if LHC confirms superstrings, Higgs boson, and Susy, this means that all the principles of Quantum Mechanics are correct, since those three theories were developed from the concepts of Quantum Mechanics.
All the current theories, as Quantum Field Theory, Nuclear Physics, Particle Physics, Standard Model, etc., all they keep the fundamental principles of Quantum Mechanics.
Quantum Field Theory is the successor of Quantum Mechanics. It was developed so that to eliminate some inconsistencies of QM, in order to refine the theory. But QFT keeps all the foundations of QM.
So, the confirmation of those three theories in the LHC will have for the theorists the following meaning: all the principles of QM are correct. And this is actually the principal objective why they built the LHC.
From the data collected along March and December 2010, the particles predicted in the Supersymmetry (Susy) would ougth to be already found.
But the LHC did find NOTHING of Susy predictions.
Some physicits already started to think that the LHC experiments will show the need of looking for a New Physics.
But the most physicists keep yet their hope to find evidences for the superstring, the Higgs boson, and Susy, when the LHC will work with its maximum power in 2014.
But the fact that they did not find evidences that confirm Susy along 2010 suggests that Supersymmetry actually does not exist. And so, probably in 2014 they will find nothing again.
Therefore, probably in 2014 there will be a general consensus in the community of physicits: the need of looking for a New Physics.
Nevertheless, having a consensus about the need of a New Physics, a fundamental question arises:
What sort of New Physics will it be?
Only two sort of New Physics are possible:
1- A New Physics that keeps all the fundamental principles of Quantum Mechanics, as the physicists did along the development of Quantum Field Theory.
2- A New Physics that rejects some principles of Quantum Mechanics, replacing them by new ones. Then such New Theory will be a rival of Quantum Field Theory, since it will be a candidate to be a new successor of Quantum Mechanics, with some of its principles replaced by new ones.
Then let's analyse the two sort of New Physics.
1- Keeping the principles of QM – Along 100 years, thousand of theorists developed several theories based on the foundations of Quantum Mechanics, which fundamental principles the scientific community now try to confirm in the LHC.
Then a question arises: if they did not succeed to find a correct theory along 100 years under that way of keeping the fundamental principles of Quantum Mechanics, is it reasonable to hope that they will succeed to find it in the next years, by continuing to keep those fundamental principles of QM not confirmed in the LHC?
2- Rejecting and replacing some principles of QM - OK, we realized that it makes no sense to keep all the principles of QM, since after 100 years of attempts, the LHC disproved such an effort, showing that the structure of our universe is not like predicted in the prevailing theories. Then there is need to look for a New Physics with new principles.
But then three questions arise:
- what sort of new principles must be adopted?
- what are the principles of Quantum Mechanics that need to be rejected?
- what are the new principles which would have to replace those ones rejected in QM?
This is the question.
The quantum theorists have no idea about such matter.
The principal aim of Quantum Ring Theory is just to show what fundamental principles of Quantum Mechanics must be rejected, and what are the new principles that must replace them.
Quantum Ring Theory exhibits coherent arguments (sometimes they are irrefutable, like in the case of the Bohr successes, which require a new hydrogen atom different of that proposed in Quantum Mechanics), by showing what new principles must be incorporated in Quantum Mechanics, and "why" it's indispensable to incorporate them.
2. The successes of Bohr
What is the meaning of the successes of Bohr ?
The successes of the Bohr theory are an indisputable proof on that something is wrong with the foundations of Quantum Mechanics.
The most physicists have not knowledge of the meaning of the Bohr successes, because the most of them prefer to ignore its meaning, since it is a very unpleasant subject, inasmuch it points out a serious flaw of QM.
The first physicist to understand the true meaning of Bohr successes was Schrödinger. In an article intitled On a Remarkable Property of the Quantum-Orbits of a Single Electron, while commenting on a factor calculated from a Bohr orbit which gave an impressive result, he wrote:
"It is difficult to believe that this result is merely an accidental mathematical consequence of the quantum conditions, and has no deeper physical meaning"
Why did Schrödinger say such a thing?
And why was so hard to him to believe that the impressive result of Bohr theory could be a single coincidence ?
And what would he want to say with "deeper physical meaning"?
Let's talk about.
3. The mystery of the centripetal acceleration
In the Bohr hydrogen atom, the electron emits photons when it jumps from a energy level to another one.
In his calculation, Bohr considered that in the instant when the photons are emitted the electron is submitted to a centripetal acceleration.
The results of the Bohr theory are very impressive.
Actually, from the mathematical probability it's IMPOSSIBLE that the successes of his theory may be simply accidental.
The conclusion is obvious: as the centripetal acceleration plays a role in the Bohr calculus, it's unequivocal that the centripetal acceleration has some connection with the mechanism which emits photons in the atom.
Then here is the mystery:
In the Quantum Mechanics the electron into the electrosphere cannot be submitted to a centripetal acceleration.
It's easy to understand why, since the electron cannot have trajectory within the electrosphere. Indeed, magine an electron that moves between two energy levels, in the hydrogen atom. Well, it is submitted to the attraction with the proton. If the electron should be moving between two points in the electrosphere, it would have to be accelerated (or slowed), and it would have to emit a continuous spectrum, according to Maxwell theory. But the experiments show that it does not happen.
So we have the following situation:
1- For Quantum Mechanics to be 100% correct, it's indispensable that there is no centripetal acceleration on the electron.
2- Therefore, for QM to be 100% correct, the Bohr theory must be 100% wrong. Otherwise, if Bohr theory is not 100% wrong, then Quantum Mechanics cannot be 100% correct.
3- The Bohr model cannot be 100% wrong, because it is impossible, according to the mathematical probability
4- From the item 3 above, one concludes that centripetal acceleration on the electron really exists within the atom
5- First conclusion:
Quantum Mechanics cannot be 100% correct.
To be correct, QM requires that Bohr theory must be 100% incorrect. In another words: to be correct, QM requires that a centripetal acceleration on the electron cannot exist. And since Bohr theory shows that it exists, then something is missing in Quantum Mechanics.
6- Second conclusion:
A satisfactory model of hydrogen atom must consider the existence of a centripetal acceleration on the electron. A theory on the hydrogem atom (unable to explain the existence of the centripetal acceleration on the electron) cannot be 100% correct.
The situation nowadays
As Quantum Mechanics is incompatible with the Bohr model, the physicists concluded that Bohr successes can be only consequence of a fantastic coincidence.
And it couldn't be on another way.
If they should admit that Bohr successes are not accidental, the physicists would have to admit that Quantum Mechanics cannot be 100% correct, since it does not admit the electron to be submitted to a centripetal acceleration.
But from the mathematical probability it's IMPOSSIBLE that Bohr successes can be a mere coincidence, as claim the community of physicists.
That's what bothered so much Schrödinger.
He noted that some mystery was hidden in the Bohr theory.
The successes of his theory might not be result of mere coincidence.
But as always happens in the history of science, is often more convenient to avoid some thorny issues. And physicists prefer to ignore the mystery surrounding the theory of Bohr and quantum mechanics.
Fundamental premise to be filled by a new theory on hydrogen model
From the above, we realize that there is an indispensable premise to be filled:
Any theory on the hydrogen atom, in which the electron is NOT submitted to a centripetal acceleration, CANNOT be 100% correct
Suppose that the hydrogen model of Quantum Ring Theory is wrong.
However, any other theory which proposes a new hydrogen model, to be acceptable, must fill this fundamental premise: it must consider the existence of the centripetal acceleration on the electron, and to explain its existence.
Let's then see how Quantum Ring Theory explains the existence of the centripetal acceleration on the electron, when the atom emits photons.
4. How is the photon emitted in Quantum Ring Theory?In QRT the photon is emitted through a resonance process.
In Quantum Mechanics the photon is also emitted from a resonance process.
Therefore, QRT and QM agree on this point: the photons are emitted by a resonance process.
In this point Quantum Mechanics is correct.
And in this point Bohr's theory is wrong, because in his theory the photon is NOT emitted by a resonance process.
Some obvious questions:
1- Since Bohr theory is not correct (because it does not consider that photons are emitted by resonance), and since in his theory the centripetal acceleration plays some role in the instant of the photon emission, then how can his theory get so many fantastic successes ?
You will understand it ahead, after get touch with the mechanism of photons emission proposed in QRT.
2- Since in Quantum Ring Theory the photon is emitted by resonance (as happens in Quantum Mechanics), and this one is the CORRECT mechanism of photons emission, then how can the centripetal acceleration play some role in the photons emission?
The centripetal acceleration does NOT play ANY role in the photons emission. This is the error of the Bohr theory.
But there is, YES, a centripetal acceleration on the electron, in the instant when the photon is emitted. In spite of such centripetal acceleration does not play any role in the process of photons emissions, nevertheless the centripetal acceleration really exists on the electron, in the instant when the atom emits photons. According to Quantum Mechanics, this is impossible. This is the error of Quantum Mechanics.
We will see ahead how Quantum Ring Theory solves such mystery of the existence of the centripetal acceleration on the electron, a mystery that Quantum Mechanics cannot explain.
5. Quantum Ring Theory: why was it developed?
In the book Quantum Physics by Eisberg and Resnick, they state that from the basis of the current Nuclear Physics there is no way to explain some ordinary nuclear phenomena:
"Though we dispose nowadays of a sufficient complete assembly of information about the nuclear forces, we realize that they are too much complexes, not having been possible up to now to use this acknowledge for building an extensive theory of the nuclei. In other words, we cannot explain the whole properties of nuclei in function of the properties of the nuclear forces that actuate on their protons and neutrons".
So, as from the current foundations of Nuclear Physics some ordinary nuclear phenomena cannot be explained, it is reasonable to expect that such current foundations of Nuclear Physics cannot explain cold fusion too. After all, since it is missing something fundamental in the current Nuclear Physics, probably it is just such lack of the theory that is missing for explaining cold fusion.
So, was QRT developed for the explanation of cold fusion?
No. When I started to develop my theory in 1990, I did not know cold fusion. I decided to look for new theoretical models because I realized at that time that the current theories cannot explain several ordinary phenomena. So, QRT was developed for the explanation of ordinary phenomena not explained by current Atomic and Nuclear Physics.
I discovered the existence of cold fusion only in the end of 1998, by reading a paper by Mike Carrell in Frontier Perspectives. And when in 1999 I started to read about cold fusion in the Infinite Energy Magazine, I started to realize that from those models of mine, (developed for the explanation of ordinary phenomena not explained by current Nuclear Physics) cold fusion occurrence should be possible.
One of the fundamental backgrounds of Quantum Ring Theory is the helical trajectory (zitterbewegung) of elementary particles. The zitterbewegung was discovered by Schrödinger, from his interpretation of the Dirac equation of the electron.
According to Quantum Ring Theory, the light is composed of photons constituted by a particle and its antiparticle, moving with helical trajectory. These particle and antiparticle are formed by the constituents of the ether. The helical motion of the light was confirmed by an experiment published in Phys. Rev. Letters in July 2010, under the title "Unveiling a Truncated Optical Lattice Associated with a Triangular Aperture Using Light's Orbital Angular Momentum".
So, as an experiment confirmed the prediction of Quantum Ring Theory that photons have helical trajectory, there is a good reason to believe in the existence of the helical trajectory of the elementary particles in general.
But there are several other questions related to the helical trajectory. For instance, from a hydrogen model composed by one electron that moves with helical trajectory in the electrosphere of the proton we can explain the existence of hydrinos, which is the subject of research by Randell Mills in BlackLight Power Inc.
Also, a question not explained by Quantum Mechanics: the motion of the electron between energy levels in the electrosphere of atoms. An experiment made by the Nobel Laureate Hans Dehmelt showed that the electron moves between two points in the electrosphere of atoms. But according to Quantum Mechanics the electron cannot move between two points in the electrosphere, and so the quantum theorists were obliged to deny Dehmelt experiment: they claim that the atom is "dressed" in Dehmelt experiment, a sort of ad hoc solution adopted by quantum theorists every time when the theory is discredited by some experiment (as happened with cold fusion along 20 years). In Quantum Ring Theory, thanks to its helical trajectory, the electron moves between the levels in the electrosphere, which is agree to the results of the Dehmelt experiment.
The helical trajectory is related to cold fusion too, because in QRT the neutron is composed by proton+electron. Into the structure of the neutron the electron loses its helical trajectory, and the energy of the zitterbewegung is responsible for the excess energy that occurs in many cold fusion experiments, as for instance in the Conte-Pieralice experiment: in their experiment the cathode was melt, a result not expected by them, since there was not (apparently) energy available for the electron to do it.
Quantum Ring Theory is rival of Quantum Field Theory. The both theories were developed so that to eliminate some inconsistencies of Quantum Mechanics. So, they both are candidate to be a successor of QM. The difference between QRT and QFT lies in their foundations: while QFT keeps the foundations of QM, unlike QRT replaces some of them.
6. Helical trajectory within the hydrogen atom
As Quantum Mechanics, to be 100% correct, requires that Bohr theory must be 100% wrong, obviously the physicists have a paradox in their hand, because from the mathematical probability it's impossible to consider Bohr's successes as merely accidental.
The successes of Bohr theory are explained by considering the hydrogen model proposed in Quantum Ring Theory, which shows that the centripetal acceleration on the electron exists, but it is not like Bohr imagined. The centripetal acceleration appears on the electron due to its helical trajectory.
The centripetal acceleration on the electron does NOT play a role in the mechanism of the photon emission, like Bohr wrongly supposed.
However, the centripetal acceleration exists, like Quantum Ring Theory shows, and Quantum Mechanics cannot explain its existence. Nowadays, when the solution proposed in QRT for the paradox of Bohr successes is exhibited for a quantum theorist, he tries to hide from everybody that Quantum Ring Theory has solved the mystery, because the community of academic physicists try to hide from the people such disagreeable fact: that Quantum Mechanics has several unacceptable paradoxes.
The solution of the paradox, explained by the hydrogen atom of Quantum Ring Theory, is shown in the two figures ahead.
Look at the figure 2.
Obviously there are many other mechanisms in such hydrogen model proposed in Quantum Ring Theory. For instance, there is a dilation in the space of the electrosphere of proton where the electron moves with helical trajectory. Such density of the space is produced by the quantity of Dirac strings produced by the proton.
Thanks to such dilation, which changes the mass of the electron (with regard to the proton), the electron can move with constant speed into the electrosphere, when it jumps from two levels of energy (this explains the result obtained in the Dehmelt experiment), because the electron is submitted to two contrary and equal forces: the force of attraction with the proton, and a force of repulsion due to the dilation of the space. So, its null the resultant of forces on the electron, when it moves radially within the electrosphere.
Also, there is a mechanism which explains why the electron jumps from no consecutive levels.
But let's see why the centripetal acceleration do exists, as shown in the figure 2.
The atom emits photons when the distance REM (radius of emission) gets resonance with the density of Dirac strings into the elecrosphere (when it moves in radial direction into the electrosphere, the electron crosses such strings).
Looking at the figure 2, we see that the electron is submitted to a centripetal acceleration due to its helical trajectory. Such centripetal acceleration does not play any role in the resonance between the electron and the Dirac strings (of the proton). But due to a coincidence, the radius of the electron's helical trajectory is the same radius considered by Bohr in his calculus. Other coincidence is the fact that the force on the electron due to its helical trajectory is equal the force of attraction proton-electron, considered by Bohr. The radius of Bohr is also equal the radius of the electron's orbit in the helical trajectory.
Thanks to this series of coincidences, the Bohr theory is able to yield those fantastic successes, in spite of his model is wrong.
7. The accordion effect
Let's now speak a little about the new nuclear model proposed in QRT, named Hexagonal Floors Model.
Look at figure 3. In the center of the nuclei there is a nucleon 2He4. It produces gravitational Dirac strings (they are a flux of gravitons). They form the principal field of the nuclei. Each string captures protons, or neutrons, or deuterions. The figure ahead shows a nucleus 8O16, with its central 2He4 which forms the Dirac strings f1 , f2 , f3 , f4, f5, f6 , and each one of those strings capture one deuterium. In the oxygen nuclei there is one complete hexagonal floor.
The existence of the Dirac strings is corroborated by an experiment published in the end of 2009:
Of course the real hexagonal floor existing in Nature is not flat as shown in the figure. Due to repulsions between the deuterium nucleons, there is an oscillatory motion of them with regard to the central 2He4.
In the figure 3, there are another Dirac strings: in blue collor. They form a Coulombic field, which is induced by the rotation of the principal field. It is named secondary field. Its blue strings are not gravitational. They are formed by a flux of electric particles of the ether.
The figure 4 shows a nucleus with 7 complete hexagonal floors. The distance between the hexagonal floors, indicated by Dd, has contraction and expansion, a phenomenon named Accordion Effect, because the hexagonal floors behave like if they should be the bellows of an accordion.
The Accordion Effect explains a property of some nuclei, like the U238. It has 92 protons (pair) and 146 neutrons (also pair). The U238 changes its shape, from a ellipsoid in the horizontal to an ellipsoid in the vertical, and the changing in the diameter is 30% . There is no way to explain such big changing through the models of current Nuclear Physics, because having a number pair of protons (92) and a number pair of neutrons (146) the nucleus has a symmetry, and its expansion-contraction would have to occur in all the radial directions (according to Nuclear Physics). So, the contraction-expansion of the U238 ought to be spherical, according to Nuclear Physics, and not elliptical as the experiments show. If the distribution of protons and neutrons should be like predicted in current Nuclear Physics, the growth of the radius of the 92U238 ought to be in all directions, and not in one preferential direction, as really happens.
Looking at the nuclear model proposed in QRT, with several hexagonal floors, we realize that its contraction-expansion must occur in a preferential direction, like happens with the U238.
The distribution of nucleons in the nuclear model of QRT is AXIAL (it has a preferential direction, consequence of the fact that protons and neutrons are captured by the Dirac strings produced by the central 2He4).
The distribution of nucleons in the nuclear models of Nuclear Physics is RADIAL (that's why those models are unable to explain that dilation of the 92U238).
It's reasonable to suppose that such accordion-effect can influence in the cold fusion reactions, by considering a resonance between the contraction-expansion of the distance Dd of some nuclei (as the Pd in the lattice) and the oscillations of deuterium nuclei (of the heavy water used in the electrolityc cell) due to the zero-point energy, when the oscillation of the Pd nuclei are aligned with the oscillation of deuterium nucleons due to the zero point energy. Such alignment can be get, for instance, with an external magnetic field applied externally to the vessel. Obviously a suitable laser can help the resonance, as occurred in the Lets-Cravens experiment, since the frequency of the laser can enter in resonance with the oscillation of the Pd nuclei and deuterium nucleons.
As said, the secondary field of nuclei is responsible for the Coulombic repulsions. So, the fusion of two nuclei depends on the energy enough to pierce the two secondary fields of the two nuclei. This is what occurs in hot fusion.
But in cold fusion probably there is no need to pierce the secondary field. That's because in the secondary field there is a lack, as shown in the figure 5. This "hole" is consequence of the way in which the secondary field is formed: it is induced by the principal field, and it's impossible a formation of the Dirac strings without having a hole.
This "hole" in the secondary fields of nuclei explains a paradox in Nuclear Physics: an alfa particle 2He4 can leave the 92U238 with energy 4MeV, in spite of the energy required for trespass the Coulombic barrier is 8MeV (100% stronger than 4MeV). They call it tunneling effect. The physicists wrongly believe that Gamow had explained the paradox of 92U328. However the Gamow explanation introduces another unacceptable paradox, as shown in Quantum Ring Theory. And so he solved a paradox by introducing another unacceptable paradox.
Besides, the tunneling effect is able to make a particle to trespass a barrier which energy is 30% , 40 % or at maximum 50% stronger then the energy of the particle. But a barrier 100% stronger cannot be crossed, as happens in the 92U238. The paradox of 2He4 emission by the 92U238 must to be explained by considering the hole in the secondary field of the 92U238 nuclei, as considered in Quantum Ring Theory.
Look at the figure 3 again. As the Dirac strings are formed by gravitons, then such strings would have to attract one each other, and they could not have the distribution shown in the figure 3. Instead of being distributed symmetrically about the central 2He4, the strings should have to be concentrated all them in one side.
In QRT it's proposed that the ether is filled by electric particles e(+) and e(-), magnetic particles m(+) and m(-), and gravitational particles g(+) and g(-). But there are also REPULSIVE gravitational particles G(+) and G(-), and they are responsible for the symmetrical distribution of the Dirac strings in the electrosphere of the proton, since they avoid that two gravitational Dirac strings attract one each other.
So, according to Quantum Ring Theory, into the hydrogen atom (and any atom) there are repulsive gravitons, and they cause the expansion of the proton's electrosphere.
Such repulsive gravity exists within the structure of the photon too. It explains why the particle and the antiparticle into the photon's structure do not annihilate one each other.
The figure bellow shows the particle and antiparticle surrounded by repulsive gravitational particles of the ether. The particle and antiparticle move with helical trajectory, in contrary directions.
8. The evolution of Physics
As one may realize, these strange conditions into the hydrogen atom, as the helical trajectory of the electron, as the expansion of the proton and electron electrospheres, as the changing of the electron's inertia with regard to the proton, and as the repulsive gravity, all together these strange conditions are responsible for an exotic behavior of the atom. That's why the physicists did never understand its paradoxical behavior.
In October 2008 the Brazillian publishing house Editora Bodigaya published my book entitled "A Evolução da Mecânica Quântica – o duelo Schrödinger versus Heisenberg". The Telesio Galilei Academy of Science intended to publish it in Europe, in 2009, having a partnership with a publishing house in London. It would be published with the title "The Missed U-Tur – the duel Schrödinger versus Heisenberg". Unfortunatelly the publishing house faced troubles due to the financial crisis in 2008, and closed its doors, so the book was not published in Europe.
The book reports to the lay man the duel between Schrödinger and Heisenberg, concerning the helical trajectory (a duel which the academicians hide from everybody, and even the most physicists do not know about such duel). Ahead is a stretch of the book, where I speak about the meaning of the Schrödinger Equation, connected to the true mechanisms of the atom's working, discovered by me in 2004:
After discovering the mechanisms and laws that rule the behavior of electrons that move in helical trajectories in the hydrogen atom, I started to think about finding the mathematical equation that describes this model. This wasn't an easy task, because it involved complex phenomena, such as the contraction of the ether, the zoom-effect, and having two potentials that attract the electron, one being the proton and the other being the center of the helical trajectory. Finally, I realized that the equation describing this complex motion of the electron in the hydrogen atom has been found already; it is the Schrödinger equation.
As starting point, Schrödinger gained inspiration from the equation Bohr obtained for the energy levels of the hydrogen atom. Without knowing the true mechanism, shown here, by which the electron interacts with the proton in the hydrogen atom, he succeeded in finding the equation that describes the electron's behavior. Schrödinger started from some properties inherent to the helical trajectory, such as the wave-particle duality expressed by the de Broglie equation λ=h/p, and, by speculating on the form of the differential equation that the wave should have, he arrived at the final form of his famous equation, which gives the energy levels of an atom when it emits photons. The Schrödinger equation involves the use of imaginary numbers. An imaginary number is the square root of a negative number and, therefore, the square of an imaginary number is a negative number. This use of an imaginary number in Schrödinger's equation reflects the complexity of the mechanisms to which the electron is subject in the hydrogen atom: the contraction of the space, the zoom-effect, the loss of inertia when the electron moves away from the proton, etc. Actually, one has to be amazed by the path followed to achieve this scientific discovery, since Schrödinger discovered his equation in the 1930's and the true meaning of his equation, which connects his equation to physical reality, was discovered only in 2004.
Other book of mine that Telesio Galilei Academy of Science intended to publish in 2009 in Europe was "The Evolution of Physics- the duel Newton versus Descartes". In this book it's shown that the evolution of Physics was occurred switching two methods of investigation: one used by Descartes, and other used by Newton. Sometimes the Newton method failed, and was replaced by the method of Descartes. For instance, the method used by Bohr, when he discovered his hydrogen model, was the method used by Descartes. Before Bohr, the physicist Voight tried to use the Newtonian method for the discovery of a model of atom, and the Newtonian method used by he has failed. So, the Newtonian method was not efficient for the discovery of the laws discovered later by Bohr. However, the success of Bohr was partial, that is, after an initial success of the Descartes method used by Bohr, the method failed, because Bohr model was not correct. He discovered some correct laws, but not all the correct laws. Then Schrödinger applied the Newtonian method again, and made some corrections in the Bohr model. However, Schrödinger also failed, because he did not discovered all the correct laws into the atom, and therefore the Newtonian method has failed again with Schrödinger. Finally, the Descartes method was used again in the development of Quantum Ring Theory, and the true laws were finally discovered.
So, the evolution of Physics occurs by the alternation of the Descartes and Newton methods, and we are now in a stage that requires the use of the Newtonian method to be applied again on the discoveries proposed in Quantum Ring Theory, which were found thanks to the use of the Descartes method. This new stage is required because the Newtonian method, used by the theorists along the 20th Century, has failed. The Newtonian method used in the 20th Century was successful for the development of technology, but the method has failed for the discovery of the true laws of Nature.
Magnetic motors and cold fusion are evidence of the failure of Newton's method.
Here is a stretch of the book:
Let us see the stages followed in the development of the model of atom.
STAGES ALREADY READY:
Stage 1 – First Voigt failed when applying the Newtonian method.
Stage 2 – After that Bohr was succeeded partially by applying the cartesian method. In this way, he discovered some fundamental mechanisms of the atom, like the emission of photons when the electron changes from one orbit to another. The cartesian method failed but opened a new path for the application of the Newtonian method starting from Bohr's discoveries.
Stage 3 – Schrödinger applied the Newtonian method again. He obtained a partial success and the method of Newton failed again, as shown by the successes of Bohr and the Dehmelt experiment.
What comes later must be anticipated by the reader. For achieving total success, there are two stages missing needed for concluding the process.
Stage 4 – Re-apply the cartesian method in order to discover what is missing in Quantum Mechanics, in a process similar to that used by Bohr.
Stage 5 – Re-apply the Newtonian method after stage 4, by applying the mathematical formalism for confirming the discoveries made in stage 4.
At the present moment, we are in stage 4. What is missing in Quantum Mechanics is shown in the new model of the atom proposed in Quantum Ring Theory. It is still missing stage 5.
The hydrogen model of QRT explains several paradoxes of QM. For instance, according to the Schrödinger Equation, when the electron moves in the fundamental status within the hydrogen atom, its orbit is purely radial. This means that the electron trespasses directly through into the nucleus (proton) and the oscillation occurs in any direction in space. Obviously such motion is very strange, since the electron passes into the proton's body, which is an absurd.
But look at the figure 6 what happens, by considering the model where the electron moves with helical trajectory about the proton, in the fundamental status:
- The real motion into the atom: the electron (green) moves about the proton with helical trajectory traveling the trajectory 1-2-3-4-5—6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17
- The interpretation of the motion according to the Schrödinger Equation: such a motion looks like if the electron should be traveling the trajectory:
(1-2) => (16-17)
so, apparently , trespassing into the proton (the trajectory in red).
9. Cold fusion requires a New Physics
The book "Quantum Ring Theory-Foundations for Cold Fusion" was published in 2006. After its publication, the cold fusion researchers neglected the theory, because of the strategy explained ahead.
Since 1989 when it was announced by Fleischmmann and Pons, the cold fusion researchers have along the years hoped to get funds from the governments of several countries, so that to continue the development of the cold fusion technology. But a cold fusion reaction is not possible according to the foundations of Quantum Mechanics, and so a cold fusion technology would require a New Physics for its development. It would be so hard to get funds for developing a technology impossible to occur (according to the current theories), which would require a New Physics. Then the cold fusion researchers replaced the name "cold fusion" by LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reactions), and started to claim that:
a) it actually was not cold fusion
b) there was no need of a New Physics for its explanation
Well, the cold fusion technology developed by Eng. Andrea A. Rossi and Professor Sergio Focardi is ready, and the cold fusion reactors are ready to be sold. They don't need funds from the governments for the development of the technology. Therefore there is no need to avoid the correct name for the phenomenon, which is cold fusion, because there are two facts that show that it is indeed a fusion: the transmutation of elements, and the emission of neutrons above the background of neutrons. And since it occurs under conditions of room pressure and low temperature, then of course it is cold fusion.
Besides, the experiments in the LHC are already showing that something is wrong with the current theories (from the data collected in 2010, the Supersymmetry would have to be confirmed, but the experiments have found nothing). Some physicists already are saying that LHC will show the need of a New Physics. And so, if there is need of a New Physics for the LHC, then why not a New Physics for explaining cold fusion too?
Quantum Ring Theory is a New Physics. And probably the principles proposed in the theory are those ones which will bring the explanation for cold fusion.
Perhaps the foundations proposed in Quantum Ring Theory are wrong, and then another New Physics must be found.
Nevertheless, no matter what is the New Physics that will be found (in the hypothesis that QRT is wrong), such New Physics will have to satisfy some conditions already shown in QRT. For instance, the new hydrogen model of the New Physics must be able to explain the successes of Bohr (and the existence of the centripetal acceleration on the electron).
A New Physics cannot live together with paradoxes again, as happened along the 20th Century.
Some experiments are suggesting that Quantum Ring Theory is correct. We can mention for instance the Dehmelt experiment, the Borghi and Conte-Pierlice experiments, and that recent experiment which confirmed the helical trajectory of the photon, published in July-2010.
There are many other experiments suggesting that QRT is right. Of course there is need a lot of more strong evidences so that to confirm the theory. But what will decide either the theory is correct, or wrong, is the investigation and the submission of its models to experiments.
by Wladimir Guglinski18 hours NO SWINDLE
In the morning of February 10, the inventor and engineer Andrea Rossi initiated a new controlled experiment in Bologna, Italy, with the heat producing 'energy catalyzer' that could possibly be based on cold fusion.
With him was the physicist and researcher Giuseppe Levi from the University of Bologna, who also supervised the public demonstration in January.
Together they ran the unit for 18 hours.
"It was extremely interesting. It is clear that this was an internal test that I needed to understand what parameters must be under control during a longer test, but frankly, I wanted to see the device work for hours," Levi told Ny Teknik
"It was pretty impressive in some respects. First, the repeatability. This is the third time I've seen the device, and again it produces energy."
"The second thing is that this time we loaded the unit with hydrogen at the beginning, and then the bottle was closed. It then worked for 18 hours with the bottle closed. Quite impressive."
"I weighed container before and after charging, and including the gas we let out to empty the tube of air, the consumption of hydrogen was 0.4 grams. That's nothing!"
"Minimum power was 15 kilowatts, and that's a conservative value. I calculated it several times. At night we did a measurement and the device then worked very stable and produced 20 kilowatts."
"Now that I have seen the device work for so many hours, in my view all chemical energy sources are excluded," said Giuseppe Levi.
He explained that this time he chose to heat the water without boiling it, to avoid errors.
Initially, the temperature of the inflowing water was seven degrees Celsius and for a while the outlet temperature was 40 degrees Celsius. A flow rate of about one liter per second, equates to a peak power of 130 kilowatts. The power output was later stabilized at 15 to 20 kilowatts.
Levi explained that they did not have a peristaltic pump with sufficient flow, so instead the device was attached directly to the water tap. Therefore the flow was not constant, but by regularly noting the time and reading the input volume on a counter, he controlled the flow.
At night the counter information was recorded with a camera.
According to Levi, the input electrical power to 'ignite' the device was about 1250 watts for five to ten minutes. It was then reduced to about 80 watts, equivalent to the power consumption of the control unit.
"This time I opened the control unit (and examined the interior), as someone said that it could contain a hidden battery. And I can swear in court that the box was empty, except for the control electronics – five very simple PLCs – and it weighed about seven kilograms," said Levi.
"I have also seen inside the reactor device itself – most of the volume is isolation, and most of the weight of about 30 kg is due to lead."
He confirmed that the reactor chamber, supposedly containing nickel powder, the secret catalysts and hydrogen gas, had a volume of around one liter. The reactor chamber was the only part he could not inspect.
Levi is now planning more tests and a thorough analysis, before and after operation, of the nickel powder that the energy catalyst is loaded with.
"If I then, using the most accurate methods possible, really see changes in the nuclei, then we have new physics. There is nothing you can say about it," he stated.
Giuseppe Levi has worked with Sergio Focardi, emeritus professor at the University of Bologna and Rossi's scientific adviser since four years.
NYT: What would you tell those who doubt your independence?
"If I were an old professor with his career already done, then I would not have anything to risk. But any attempt at fraud on my part would be a terrible personal goal. What could I hope for? To have a title for ten days, and then be thrown from my own department. Because (the matter of) fraud comes up sooner or later. There is no hope for it. So if I ... well, I would be really stupid. Honestly, I would be really stupid!" said Levi.
A one megawatt installation with Rossi's 'energy catalyzer', consisting of one hundred connected 10 kilowatt devices, is supposed to be inaugurated in October in Athens, Greece, run by the newly formed Greek company Defkalion Green Technologies Cold Fusion: Here's the Greek company building 1 MW
Av: Mats Lewan
Publicerad 7 februari 2011 11:02 6 kommentarer
The Greek company that will build a heating plant of one megawatt with the Italian 'energy catalyzer' spoke about its activities and about the invention on Greek television this weekend.
The Greek company is called Defkalion Green Technologies. According to Andrea Rossi – the inventor of the 'energy catalyzer' possibly based on cold fusion – it is a newly formed consortium. Partners include companies involved in energy distribution.
On Saturday, the news about Defkalion Green Technologies was broadcasted by NET, national television in Greece (this recording of the show, now in high quality, has been uploaded by the blogger talefta.blogspot.com
where there's also a summary in English).
Last week, Ny Teknik made an interview with a representative of the company.
"We represent a group with financial and industrial background having invested into Dr. Rossi's technology, and having obtained the exclusive rights to manufacture, license and distribute globally," Symeon Tsalikoglou, spokesman for Defkalion Green Technologies, wrote in an email to Ny Teknik.
He also made clear that Defkalion will not sell or distribute energy.
"Defkalion, as previously stated, will provide the market with devices producing heat, based on Dr. Rossi's invention. This heat can be utilized by CHP or micro CHP installations to produce electricity and consumable heat for different applications."
"We are neither power plant nor a utility company of any kind. As such, the one megawatt installation in Greece referred to by Dr Rossi, will consist of a combination of 3rd party technologies (such as CHP), whereby the Defkalion Energy Catalyzer will be used as the only source of power. This very installation of one megawatt in Greece will only cover the energy needs of Defkalion's factory," Symeon Tsalikoglou wrote.
Ny Teknik: How do you expect this new energy technology to develop in the future?
"This technology will not change the world energy usage over night. Essentially we are introducing a new and impressive energy source that offers cheap, clean and renewable power to the end user. We are pursuing socially responsible pricing and market penetration. We are also taking into consideration the global energy trends and fitting well within the expected gradual energy transition," Symeon Tsalikoglou wrote.
(If the 'energy catalyzer' is based on nuclear reaction between nickel and hydrogen it should not be considered as renewable. Ny Tekniks's note).
According to Andrea Rossi Defkalion will have the exclusive commercial rights to the 'energy catalyzer' in Greece, while two U.S. companies will have the corresponding rights in the United States. In the rest of the world, Defkalion has the commercial rights, but non exclusively.
"They focus on the commercial part and I on the technical development," Andrea Rossi explained.
He also made clear that his company Leonardo Corporation does not seek funding at the moment.Leonardo Corporation -- 116 South River Road -- Bedford, N.H. 03110 - USA
Phone +1 603 668 7000 Phone +1 603 674 1309 Fax +1 603 647 4325
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org of electric generators (GENSETS) fueled by vegetable oils (Diesel cobustion)
"We are fully funded by our customers," he said.
Nor does Defkalion Green Technologies seem to seek funding.
Defkalion Green Technologies states that it will hold a press confoerence within two months where further questions will be answered.
The reason why the European operations came to end up in Greece depends, according to Professor Sergio Focardi (Rossi's scientific adviser since four years) on contacts with Professor Christos Stremmenos who previously collaborated with Professor Focardi.
"The bond between us and Greece is a professor of Greek origin whose name is Christos Stremmenos and who has been Ambassador of Greece in Italy. He knows people in the Greek government and has also worked in this field. We have known each other for years, and when he heard about these things, he involved Greece," Sergio Focardi told Ny Teknik.
In the news bulletin on Greek television on Saturday Christos Stremmenos appeared.
"We are headed away from energy medieval ages. So it seems. It will depend on further research and the study of applications so that all levels where green energy is needed can be covered," Christos Stremmenos said